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How to Check if an Employer or Contractor is Excluded from Federal Programs

Sophia Becker



Federal Contracts

Whether you’re a job seeker evaluating potential employers or a business owner looking to hire contractors, it’s crucial to ensure that the entities you engage with are not excluded from participating in federal programs. Exclusions can have far-reaching consequences, affecting an organization’s ability to receive federal contracts, grants, or other forms of government assistance. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk you through the steps to check if an employer or contractor is excluded from federal programs, ensuring you make informed decisions and mitigate risks.

Understanding Federal Exclusions

Federal Exclusion

Before delving into the process of checking for exclusions, it’s essential to understand what they entail. The federal government maintains a system to exclude individuals and entities from participating in federal programs due to various reasons, including fraud, misconduct, or poor performance. These exclusions can be imposed by various federal agencies, such as the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the General Services Administration (GSA), and others.

Once excluded, an individual or entity is prohibited from receiving federal contracts, grants, or other forms of assistance from the excluding agency and, in some cases, from participating in any federal program across all agencies. Exclusions can have severe consequences, including financial penalties, loss of eligibility for future contracts or grants, and potential criminal charges.

1. Accessing the System for Award Management (SAM)

The primary resource for checking if an employer or contractor is excluded from federal programs is the System for Award Management (SAM), a centralized database maintained by the GSA. SAM consolidates various federal databases, including the Excluded Parties List System (EPLS), and serves as a comprehensive source of information on entities that are debarred, suspended, or otherwise excluded from doing business with the federal government.

To access SAM, visit the official website at You can search for entities by name, DUNS number (a unique nine-digit identification number), or other identifying information. It’s important to note that SAM is a public database, accessible to anyone seeking information on exclusions.


2. Interpreting SAM Results

When searching for an entity on SAM, you’ll receive one of three possible results:

  • No Exclusion Found: If the search returns no results, it means that the entity is not currently excluded from participating in federal programs. However, it’s essential to periodically check for updates, as exclusions can be imposed at any time.
  • Active Exclusion: If the search reveals an active exclusion, it will provide details such as the excluding agency, the reason for the exclusion, and the effective dates of the exclusion. In this case, it’s advisable to proceed with caution and thoroughly evaluate the risks associated with engaging with the excluded entity.
  • Expired Exclusion: If the search reveals an expired exclusion, it means that the entity was previously excluded but is now eligible to participate in federal programs again. However, it’s essential to review the details of the expired exclusion and assess any potential risks or concerns.

3. Additional Resources

While SAM is the primary resource for checking federal exclusions, there are additional resources you can consult for more comprehensive information:

  • Agency-Specific Exclusion Lists: Some federal agencies maintain their exclusion lists in addition to the centralized SAM database. For example, the HHS maintains the List of Excluded Individuals and Entities (LEIE), which includes individuals and entities excluded from participating in federal healthcare programs. Consulting these agency-specific lists can provide additional insights.
  • State Exclusion Lists: Many states maintain their exclusion lists for entities barred from participating in state-level programs or contracts. If you’re operating within a specific state, it’s advisable to check the relevant state exclusion lists as well.
    Professional Licensing Boards: For certain professions, such as healthcare or legal services, it’s essential to check with the relevant professional licensing boards to ensure that the employer or contractor holds the necessary licenses and is in good standing.

4. Implications and Next Steps

If your search reveals that an employer or contractor is actively excluded from federal programs, it’s crucial to carefully evaluate the implications and potential risks associated with engaging with them. Depending on the nature of your relationship and the specific exclusion, you may need to consider alternative options or take mitigating measures.

For job seekers, an active exclusion may raise concerns about the employer’s integrity and compliance with federal regulations. It’s advisable to thoroughly research the reasons behind the exclusion and assess whether the employer has taken appropriate remedial actions.
For businesses hiring contractors, an active exclusion can pose significant risks, including potential legal and financial consequences for engaging with an excluded entity. In such cases, it’s recommended to consult with legal counsel to understand the implications and explore alternative options.

5. Regularly Monitoring and Updating

It’s important to note that exclusions are not static; entities can be added or removed from the lists at any time. As such, it’s advisable to periodically check for updates, especially if you’re engaged in an ongoing business relationship with an employer or contractor.
Establish a regular monitoring process to review the SAM database and any relevant agency-specific or state exclusion lists. This proactive approach will help you stay informed and mitigate potential risks associated with engaging with excluded entities.

In conclusion, checking if an employer or contractor is excluded from federal programs is a crucial step in ensuring compliance, mitigating risks, and making informed decisions. By leveraging resources like the System for Award Management (SAM), agency-specific exclusion lists, and state-level databases, you can access comprehensive information and take appropriate actions to protect your interests. Remember, staying informed and regularly monitoring for updates is key to navigating the complex landscape of federal exclusions successfully.


Your Go-To Study Abroad Guru! Based in the United States, Sophie Becker turns your study abroad dreams into reality. With a knack for simplifying the complex and a passion for global education, Sophie guides students through every step of the journey. From picking the perfect destination to acing applications and scoring scholarships, she's got you covered. Ready to explore the world? Let Sophie be your guide!

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